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Updated 6/30/2014

Flowers & Plants of Hawaii

Guide to plants of Hawaii & other areas visited by the authors.  Species are sorted by family & flower color, and by distribution status as described below.
ENDEMIC: Occurs naturally only in Hawaii

 

INDIGENOUS: Occurs naturally in Hawaii & beyond 

 

POLYNESIAN INTRODUCTION: Brought to Hawaii by early Polynesian settlers

 

NATURALIZED: Introduced to Hawaii since Western contact & propagating naturally in the wild

 

CULTIVATED: Introduced to Hawaii since Western contact but not propagating naturally in the wild

 

 

 

FLOWER COLOR

 

RED

 

ORANGE /

BROWN

 

YELLOW

 

GREEN

 

BLUE

 

VIOLET

 

PINK / FUCHSIA

 

WHITE

 

 

PLANT FAMILIES

ACANTHACEAE

Thunbergia Family

 

ADOXACEAE

 

Honeysuckle Family

 

AGAVACEAE

 

Agave Family

 

AIZOACEAE

Ice Plant Family

 

ALISMATACEAE

 

Water Plantain Family

 

AMARANTHACEAE

Amaranth Family

 

AMARYLLIDACEAE

 

Amaryllis Family

 

ANACARDIACEAE

 

Mango Family

 

ANNONACEAE

Custard Apple Family

 

APIACEAE

Parsley Family

 

APOCYNACEAE

Plumeria Family

 

AQUIFOLIACEAE

Holly Family

 

ARACEAE

Taro Family

 

ARECACEAE

Palm Family

 

ARALIACEAE

Octopus Tree Family

 

ARISTOLOCHIACEAE

Calico Flower Family

 

ASCLEPIADACEAE

Milkweed Family

 

ASPARAGACEAE

Asparagus Family

 

ASTERACEAE

Daisy Family

 

BALSAMINACEAE

 

Impatiens Family

 

BATACEAE

 

Pickleweed Family

 

BEGONIACEAE

 

Begonia Family

 

BERBERIDACEAE

Barberry Family

 

BIGNONIACEAE

 

Trumpet Tree Family

 

BIXACEAE

Annatto Family

 

BOMBACACEAE

Bombax Family

 

BORAGINACEAE

Heliotrope Family

 

BROMELIADACEAE

Bromeliad Family

 

BRASSICACEAE

 

Mustard Family

 

BURSERACEAE

 

Torchwood Family

 

CACTACEAE

Cactus Family

 

CAMPANULACEAE

 

Lobelioid Family

 

CANNACEAE

 

Canna Family

 

CANNABACEAE

Hemp Family

 

CAPPARACEAE

 

Caper Family

 

CARICACEAE

 

Papaya Family

 

CARYOPHYLLACEAE

 

Pink Family

 

CASUARINACEAE

Ironwood Family

 

CELASTRACEAE

 

Bittersweet Family

 

CHENOPODIACEAE

Goosefoot Family

 

CLUSIACEAE

 

Mangosteen Family

 

COMBRETACEAE

Combretum Family

 

COMMELINACEAE

Oyster Plant Family

 

CONVOLVULACEAE

Morning Glory Family

 

COSTACEAE

Spiral Ginger Family

 

CRASSULACEAE

Jade Plant Family

 

CUCURBITACEAE

 

Gourd Family

 

CUSCUTACEAE

 

Dodder Family

 

CYPERACEAE

 

Sedge Family

 

DIOSCORACEAE

Yam Family

 

EBENACEAE

Persimmon Family

 

ELAEOCARPACEAE

 

Blue-marble Tree Family

 

ERICACEAE

Blueberry Family

 

EUPHORBIACEAE

Spurge Family

 

 

 

FABACEAE

Bean Family

 

FERNS

 

Ferns

 

FLACOURTIACEAE

 

Willow Family

 

FOUQUIERIACEAE

Ocotillo Family

 

 

 

GERANIACEAE

Geranium Family

 

GESNERIACEAE

 

African Violet Family

 

GOODENIACEAE

Naupaka Family

 

 

 

HELICONIACEAE

 

Heliconia Family

 

HYDRANGEACEAE

 

Hydrangea Family

 

HYDROCHARITACEAE

Seagrass Family

 

IRIDACEAE

Iris Family

 

 

 

LAMIACEAE

Mint Family

 

LAURACEAE

 

Avocado Family

 

LECYTHIDACEAE

Brazil Nut Family

 

LEEACEAE

 

Leea Family

 

LILIACEAE

Lily Family

 

LOGANIACEAE

 

Puakenikeni Family

 

LYTHRACEAE

 

Crape-Myrtle Family

 

MAGNOLIACEAE

 

Magnolia Family

 

MALPIGHIACEAE

Acerola Cherry Family

 

MALVACEAE

Hibiscus Family

 

MARCGRAVIACEAE

Marcgravia Family

 

MELASTOMATACEAE

Melastome Family

 

MELIACEAE

 

Mahogany Family

 

 

MENISPERMACEAE

Moonseed Family

 

MORACEAE

 

Fig & Banyan Family

 

MORINGACEAE

 

Drumstick Tree Family

 

MOSSES

Bryophytes

 

MUSACEAE

Banana Family

 

MYOPORACEAE

Bastard Sandalwood Family

 

MYRICACEAE

 

Bayberry Family

 

MYRSINACEAE

Kolea Family

 

MYRTACEAE

Eucalyptus Family

 

 

 

NYCTAGINACEAE

Four-'o-clock Family

 

 

NYMPHAEACEAE

 

Water Lily Family

 

 

 

OCHNACEAE

Mickey Mouse Plant Family

 

 

OLEACEAE

Jasmine Family

 

ONAGRACEAE

Evening Primrose Family

 

ORCHIDACEAE

 

Orchid Family

 

OXALIDACEAE

 

Oxalis Family

 

 

 

PANDANACEAE

 

Pandanus Family

 

PAPAVERACEAE

 

Poppy Family

PASSIFLORACEAE

 

Passion Fruit Family

 

PEDALIACEAE

 

Sesame Family

 

PHYLLANTHACEAE

Phyllanthus Family

 

PHYTOLACCACEAE

Pokeweed Family

 

PINES

Gymnosperms

 

PIPERACEAE

 

Pepper Family

 

PITTOSPORACEAE

Pittosporum Family

 

PLANTAGINACEAE

 

Plantago Family

 

PLUMBAGINACEAE

Plumbago Family

 

POACEAE

Grass Family

 

POLYGALACEAE

 

Milkwort Family

 

POLYGONACEAE

 

Buckwheat Family

 

PONTEDERIACEAE

 

Water Hyacinth Family

 

PORTULACACEAE

 

Pigweed Family

 

PRIMULACEAE

 

Primrose Family

 

PROTEACEAE

Protea Family

 

PUNICACEAE

 

Pomegranate Family

 

 

 

RANUNCULACEAE

 

Buttercup Family

 

RHAMNACEAE

Buckthorn Family

 

RHIZOPHORACEAE

 

Mangrove Family

 

ROSACEAE

Rose Family

 

RUBIACEAE

Coffee Family

 

RUTACEAE

Citrus Family

 

SALICACEAE

 

Willow Family

 

SANTALACEAE

Sandalwood Family

 

SAPINDACEAE

 

Soapberry Family

 

SAPOTACEAE

 

Sapodilla Family

 

SAURURACEAE

Lizard's Tail Family

 

SCROPHULARIACEAE

Snapdragon Family

 

SMILACACEAE

Catbriar Family

 

SOLANACEAE

Tomato Family

 

STERCULIACEAE

Cacao Family

 

STRELITZIACEAE

Bird of Paradise Family

 

SURIANACEAE

Bay Cedar Family

 

THEACEAE

 

Camellia Family

 
THYMELAEACEAE

Akia Family

 

TROPAEOLACEAE

 

Nasturtium Family

 

TURNERACEAE

Turnera Family

 

 

 

URTICACEAE

Nettle Family

 

UNKNOWN

 

Yet to be identified

 

 

 

VERBENACEAE

Verbena Family

 

VIOLACEAE

 

Violet Family

 

VISCACEAE

Mistletoe Family

 

VITACEAE

Grape Family

 

XANTHORRHOEACEAE

Aloe Family

 

 

ZINGIBERACEAE

Ginger Family

 

ZYGOPHYLLACEAE

Nohu Family