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Family Labridae, Wrasses, Page 1

Page 2: Hawaii

Page 3: Hawaii

Page 4: Indo-Pacific & Indian Ocean

Page 5: Japan & SE Australia

Page 6: East Pacific & West Atlantic

Wrasses are colorful members of reef and sand flat communities.  They are active during the day, feeding upon a variety of small animals, detritus, and small amounts of algae, and sleep buried in sand or deep within the reef at night.  They swim by flapping the pectoral fins.  Wrasses can be difficult to identify without some experience, complicated by color differences exhibited by fish in different stages of growth.  All species are born female and usually go through one or two juvenile color phases before adulthood, which is known as the initial phase.  Under the right circumstances a female can transform, irreversibly, into a male with a very different color pattern, referred to as a terminal or supermale.  Many wrasses live as harems with several females tended by a supermale, however some imposter males may retain female coloration to compete with the supermale.  Of 45 species recorded from Hawai‘i, 15 are found nowhere else.  Hawaiians referred to many of these as hīnālea or hilu.  Only the Hawaiian Hogfish and Razorfishes are eaten on a regular basis.

 

HAWAII

Coris flavovittata  endemic.gif (1686 bytes)

YELLOWSTRIPE CORIS, Female

 

Coris flavovittata  endemic.gif (1686 bytes)

YELLOWSTRIPE CORIS, Male

 

Coris ballieui  endemic.gif (1686 bytes)

LINED CORIS, Female

 

Coris ballieui  endemic.gif (1686 bytes)

LINED CORIS, Male

 

Coris venusta    endemic.gif (1686 bytes)

ELEGANT CORIS, Female

 

Coris venusta    endemic.gif (1686 bytes)

ELEGANT CORIS, Male

 

Coris gaimard

YELLOWTAIL CORIS, Juvenile

 

Coris gaimard

YELLOWTAIL CORIS, Adult

 

Labroides phthirophagusendemic.gif (1686 bytes)

HAWAIIAN CLEANER WRASSE, Juvenile

 

Labroides phthirophagusendemic.gif (1686 bytes)

HAWAIIAN CLEANER WRASSE, Adult

 

Halichoeres ornatissimus

Juvenile Ornate Wrasse, Faga'alu, Samoa, 30 feet

ORNATE WRASSE, Juvenile

 

Halichoeres ornatissimus

ORNATE WRASSE, Male

 

Thalassoma trilobatum

CHRISTMAS WRASSE, Female

 

Thalassoma trilobatum

CHRISTMAS WRASSE, Male

 

Thalassoma purpureum

SURGE WRASSE, Female

 

Thalassoma purpureum

SURGE WRASSE, Male

 

Thalassoma quinquevittatum

FIVESTRIPE WRASSE

 

Thalassoma lutescens

SUNSET WRASSE, Male

 

Thalassoma duperrey endemic.gif (1686 bytes)

SADDLE WRASSE, Juvenile

 

Thalassoma duperrey endemic.gif (1686 bytes)

SADDLE WRASSE, Male

 

 

Thalassoma duperrey x T. lutescens

HYBRID SADDLE x SUNSET WRASSE  endemic.gif (1686 bytes)

 

Macropharyngodon geoffroyendemic.gif (1686 bytes)

SHORTNOSED WRASSE, Juvenile

 

Macropharyngodon geoffroyendemic.gif (1686 bytes)

SHORTNOSED WRASSE, Female

 

Macropharyngodon geoffroyendemic.gif (1686 bytes)

SHORTNOSED WRASSE, Male