Home > Fishes > Snappers

Updated 12/9/2012

Family Lutjanidae & Emmelichthyidae

Snappers and Rovers

A large family of carnivorous reef fishes with a large mouth and a gill cover without spines.  Rovers are deepwater snappers with specialized jaw bones allowing the mouth to extend far forward.  Snappers are excellent eating and highly sought by fishers.  Only two native snappers occur on shallow Hawaiian reefs so several non-native species were introduced from French Polynesia in the 1950's by state fisheries managers, with unfavorable results.  The invasive Bluestripe Snapper became fully established in a short time, displacing valuable native marine species.  Hawaii most valuable and esteemed bottomfish species known as the Deep Seven includes six native deepwater snappers and one grouper.  These species have been depleted by overfishing and competition with the invasive Bluestripe Snapper.  Unfortunately the Bluestripe Snapper is largely rejected by the public despite being very good to eat, hampering efforts to reduce the population.

 

HAWAII

Lutjanus fulvus

BLACKTAIL SNAPPER    to‘au

 

Lutjanus kasmira

BLUESTRIPE SNAPPER     ta‘ape

 

Aprion virescens

GREEN JOBFISH or GRAY SNAPPER    uku

 

Aphareus furca

SMALLTOOTH JOBFISH

or BIGMOUTH SNAPPER    wahanui

 

Aphareus rutilans

 SILVERJAW SNAPPER or RUSTY JOBFISH     lehi

 

Pristipomoides zonatus

BANDED SNAPPER    gindai

 

Pristipomoides filamentosus

PINK SNAPPER    ‘ōpakapaka

 

Pristipomoides sieboldii

LAVENDER or SIEBOLD'S SNAPPER  kalekale

 

Etelis carbunculus

SHORT-TAIL RED SNAPPER

or YELLOWSTRIPED RED SNAPPER  ‘ehu

 

Etelis coruscans

LONGTAIL RED SNAPPER

or RUBY SNAPPER    onaga

 

Randallichthys filamentosus

RANDALL'S SNAPPER

 

Erythrocles scintillans

GOLDEN ROVER or GOLDEN KALEKALE

 


INDO-PACIFIC

Symphorichthys spilurus

SAILFIN SNAPPER

 


TROPICAL EASTERN PACIFIC

Lutjanus argentiventris

YELLOW SNAPPER

Lutjanus viridis

BLUE & GOLD SNAPPER

 


WESTERN ATLANTIC

Lutjanus griseus

GRAY SNAPPER, Juvenile

 

Lutjanus griseus

GRAY SNAPPER

 

Lutjanus apodus

SCHOOLMASTER

 

Ocyurus chrysurus

YELLOWTAIL SNAPPER

Lutjanus buccanella

BLACKFIN SNAPPER