Home > Fishes > Groupers & Basses

Updated 7/4/2013

Family Serranidae

Groupers

Groupers are carnivorous fishes that are typically large and slow moving, found under ledges and caverns.  They feed primarily upon fishes and large crustaceans.  Due to the high fish diet, many reef species contain enough ciguatoxin to cause illness and caution should be exercised.  Large groupers are poorly represented in Hawai'i, with one deepwater endemic, one waif, and one invasive alien species.  Small, colorful basslets and anthias are better represented but uncommon, preferring deep water or dark caverns.  They feed upon zooplankton and are sexually dimorphic, with harems of smaller, less-colorful females in the company of a male.  Soapfishes (Subfamily Grammistinae) produce soapy bitter mucus to deter predators and are rarely seen during the day.

 

HAWAII

Cephalopholis argus  

PEACOCK GROUPER

Hyporthodus quernus    endemic.gif (1686 bytes)

HAWAIIAN GROUPER     hāpu'u

 

Epinephelus lanceolatus

GIANT GROUPER

 

Pseudanthias bicolor

BICOLOR ANTHIAS

 

Pseudanthias hawaiiensis endemic.gif (1686 bytes)

HAWAIIAN LONGFIN ANTHIAS, Female

 

Pseudanthias hawaiiensis endemic.gif (1686 bytes)

HAWAIIAN LONGFIN ANTHIAS, Male

 

Pseudanthias thompsoni  endemic.gif (1686 bytes)

HAWAIIAN or THOMPSON'S ANTHIAS

 

Holanthias fuscipinnis   endemic.gif (1686 bytes)

HAWAIIAN YELLOW ANTHIAS

 

Caprodon unicolor    endemic.gif (1686 bytes)

ELEGANT ANTHIAS, Female

 

Caprodon unicolor    endemic.gif (1686 bytes)

ELEGANT ANTHIAS, Male

 

 

Luzonichthys earlei 

EARLE'S SPLITFIN ANTHIAS

 

Liopropoma aurora  endemic.gif (1686 bytes)

SUNRISE BASSLET

 

Suttonia lineata

PALESTRIPE SOAPFISH or PODGE

Pseudogramma polyacanthum

PALE-SPOTTED SOAPFISH

 

Plectranthias nanus

DWARF PERCHLET

 


INDO-PACIFIC

Cephalopholis miniata

CORAL HIND

 

Cephalopholis urodeta

DARKFIN GROUPER

 

Cephalopholis polleni

HARLEQUIN GROUPER

 

Serranocirrhitus latus

HAWK ANTHIAS

 

Pseudanthias huchtii

RED-CHEEKED ANTHIAS, Female

 

Pseudanthias huchtii

RED-CHEEKED ANTHIAS, Male

 

Pseudanthias tuka

YELLOWSTRIPE ANTHIAS, Female

 

Pseudanthias tuka

YELLOWSTRIPE ANTHIAS, Male

Pseudanthias pleurotaenia

SQUARESPOT ANTHIAS, Male

 

Grammistes sexlineatus

SIXLINE SOAPFISH

Cromileptes altivelis

HUMPBACK GROUPER or PANTHERFISH

 

Cephalopholis cyanostigma


BLUE-SPOTTED GROUPER

JAPAN

Caprodon schlegelii

SCHLEGEL'S ANTHIAS, Female

 

Caprodon schlegelii

SCHLEGEL'S ANTHIAS, Male

Sacura margaritacea

JAPANESE ANTHIAS     SAKURADAI

 


TROPICAL EASTERN PACIFIC

Alphestes immaculatus

MUTTON HAMLET

 

Epinephelus labriformis

FLAG CABRILLA

 

Epinephelus panamensis

PANAMA GRAYSBY

 

Mycteroperca rosacea

LEOPARD GROUPER

 

Serranus psittacinus

BANDED SERRANO

 

Rypticus bicolor

MOTTLED SOAPFISH

 

Paranthias colonus

PACIFIC CREOLEFISH

 

Liopropoma fasciatum

RAINBOW BASSLET

 


NORTHEAST PACIFIC

Paralabrax clathratus

KELP or CALICO BASS


WESTERN ATLANTIC

Hypoplectrus puella

BARRED HAMLET, Juvenile

 

Hypoplectrus puella

BARRED HAMLET

Hypoplectrus unicolor

BUTTER HAMLET

 

Cephalopholis cruentatus

GRAYSBY

 

Serranus tigrinus

HARLEQUIN BASS

 

Epinephelus itajara

GOLIATH GROUPER

 



Family Percichthyidae

Temperate Sea Basses

CALIFORNIA

Stereolepis gigas

BLACK or GIANT SEA BASS

 



Family Centropomidae

Temperate Sea Basses

WESTERN ATLANTIC

Centropomus undecimalis

COMMON SNOOK