Home > Fishes > Groupers & Basses

Updated 6/6/2024

Family Serranidae

Groupers

Groupers are carnivorous fishes that are typically large and slow moving, found under ledges and caverns.  They feed primarily upon fishes and large crustaceans.  Due to the high fish diet, many reef species contain enough ciguatoxin to cause illness and caution should be exercised.  Large groupers are poorly represented in Hawai'i, with one deepwater endemic, one waif, and one invasive alien species.  Small, colorful basslets and anthias are better represented but uncommon, preferring deep water or dark caverns.  They feed upon zooplankton and are sexually dimorphic, with harems of smaller, less-colorful females in the company of a male.  Soapfishes (Subfamily Grammistinae) produce soapy bitter mucus to deter predators and are rarely seen during the day.

 

HAWAII - ENDEMIC

Compsanthias hawaiiensis endemic.gif (1686 bytes)

HAWAIIAN LONGFIN ANTHIAS, female

 

Compsanthias hawaiiensis endemic.gif (1686 bytes)

HAWAIIAN LONGFIN ANTHIAS, male

 

Pseudanthias thompsoni  endemic.gif (1686 bytes)

THOMPSON'S ANTHIAS, female

 

Pseudanthias thompsoni  endemic.gif (1686 bytes)

THOMPSON'S ANTHIAS, male

Holanthias fuscipinnis   endemic.gif (1686 bytes)

HAWAIIAN YELLOW ANTHIAS, juv

 

Holanthias fuscipinnis   endemic.gif (1686 bytes)

HAWAIIAN YELLOW ANTHIAS

 

Caprodon unicolor    endemic.gif (1686 bytes)

ELEGANT ANTHIAS, female

 

Caprodon unicolor    endemic.gif (1686 bytes)

ELEGANT ANTHIAS, male

 

Hyporthodus quernus    endemic.gif (1686 bytes)

HAWAIIAN GROUPER, juv.    hāpu'u

 

Hyporthodus quernus    endemic.gif (1686 bytes)

HAWAIIAN GROUPER     hāpu'u

 

Plectranthias kelloggi  endemic.gif (1686 bytes)

THREADFIN PERCHLET

 

Liopropoma aurora  endemic.gif (1686 bytes)

SUNRISE BASSLET


INDO-PACIFIC / HAWAII

Cephalopholis argus  

PEACOCK GROUPER

 

 Epinephelus lanceolatus

GIANT GROUPER

 

Luzonichthys earlei 

EARLE'S SPLITFIN ANTHIAS

Nemanthias bicolor

BICOLOR ANTHIAS

 

Suttonia lineata

PALESTRIPE SOAPFISH

Pseudogramma polyacanthum

PALE-SPOTTED SOAPFISH

 

Plectranthias nanus

DWARF PERCHLET

 

Plectranthias winniensis

REDBLOTCH PERCHLET


INDO-PACIFIC

Cephalopholis miniata

CORALGROUPER

 

Cephalopholis sexmaculata

SADDLE GROUPER

 

Cephalopholis urodeta

FLAGTAIL GROUPER

 

Anyperodon leucogrammicus

SLENDER GROUPER

Cephalopholis polleni

HARLEQUIN GROUPER

 

Serranocirrhitus latus

HAWK ANTHIAS

 

Nemanthias dispar

REDFIN ANTHIAS, female

 

Nemanthias dispar

REDFIN ANTHIAS, male

Pseudanthias squamipinnis

SCALEFIN ANTHIAS, female

 

Pseudanthias squamipinnis

SCALEFIN ANTHIAS, male

Pseudanthias huchtii

RED-CHEEKED ANTHIAS, female

 

Pseudanthias huchtii

RED-CHEEKED ANTHIAS, male

 

Mirolabrichthys tuka

YELLOWSTRIPE ANTHIAS, female

 

Mirolabrichthys tuka

YELLOWSTRIPE ANTHIAS, male

Mirolabricthys pascalus

PURPLE QUEEN, female

 

Mirolabrichthys pascalus

PURPLE QUEEN, male

Pseudanthias pleurotaenia

SQUARESPOT ANTHIAS, female

 

Pseudanthias pleurotaenia

SQUARESPOT ANTHIAS, male

Pyronotanthias smithvanizi

PRINCESS ANTHIAS, female

 

Pyronotanthias smithvanizi

PRINCESS ANTHIAS, male

Pseudanthias hypselosoma

STOCKY ANTHIAS, female

 

Pseudanthias hypselosoma

STOCKY ANTHIAS, male

Pyronotanthias lori

LORI'S ANTHIAS, female

 

Pseudanthias cooperi

REDBAR ANTHIAS, female

 

Luzonichthys waitei

MAGENTA SLENDER ANTHIAS

 

Nemanthias bartlettorum

BARTLETT'S ANTHIAS

 

Grammistes sexlineatus

SIXLINE SOAPFISH

 

Diploprion bifasciatum

DOUBLEBANDED SOAPFISH

Plectropomus oligacanthus



HIGHFIN GROUPER

 

Plectropomus leopardus



LEOPARD GROUPER

Epinephelus ongus

WHITE-STREAKED GROUPER, juv

 

Epinephelus ongus

WHITE-STREAKED GROUPER

Cephalopholis cyanostigma



BLUE-SPOTTED GROUPER

 

Plectropomus areolatus



SQUARETAIL GROUPER

Epinephelus spilotoceps

FOURSADDLE GROUPER

 

Epinephelus merra

HONEYCOMB GROUPER

Epinephelus macrospilos

SNUBNOSE GROUPER

 

Epinephelus howlandi

BLACKSADDLE GROUPER

Epinephelus areolatus

AREOLATE GROUPER

 

Epinephelus fasciatus

BLACKTIP GROUPER

Epinephelus malabaricus

MALABAR GROUPER, juv

 

Epinephelus malabaricus

MALABAR GROUPER

Epinephelus polyphekadion

CAMOUFLAGE GROUPER

 

Epinephelus tukula

POTATO GROUPER

Gracilia albomarginata

MASKED GROUPER, juvenile

 

Gracilia albomarginata

MASKED GROUPER

Cephalopholis boenak

CHOCOLATE GROUPER

 

Aethaloperca rogaa

REDMOUTH GROUPER

Variola louti

YELLOW-EDGED LYRETAIL

 

Cromileptes altivelis

HUMPBACK GROUPER or PANTHERFISH


JAPAN

Caprodon schlegelii

SCHLEGEL'S ANTHIAS, Female

 

Caprodon schlegelii

SCHLEGEL'S ANTHIAS, Male

Sacura margaritacea

JAPANESE ANTHIAS     Sakuradai

 


TROPICAL EASTERN PACIFIC

Alphestes immaculatus

MUTTON HAMLET

 

Epinephelus labriformis

FLAG CABRILLA

 

Epinephelus panamensis

PANAMA GRAYSBY

 

Mycteroperca rosacea

LEOPARD GROUPER

 

Serranus psittacinus

BANDED SERRANO

 

Rypticus bicolor

MOTTLED SOAPFISH

 

Paranthias colonus

PACIFIC CREOLEFISH

 

Liopropoma fasciatum

RAINBOW BASSLET

 


NORTHEAST PACIFIC

Paralabrax clathratus

KELP or CALICO BASS


WESTERN ATLANTIC

Hypoplectrus indigo

INDIGO HAMLET

 

Hypoplectrus aberrans

YELLOWBELLY HAMLET

 

Hypoplectrus puella

BARRED HAMLET, Juvenile

 

Hypoplectrus puella

BARRED HAMLET

Hypoplectrus unicolor

BUTTER HAMLET

 

Rypticus saponaceus

GREATER SOAPFISH

 

Epinephelus guttatus

RED HIND

 

Epinephelus itajara

GOLIATH GROUPER

 

Mycteroperca bonaci

BLACK GROUPER

 

Mycteroperca tigris

TIGER GROUPER

Cephalopholis cruentatus

GRAYSBY

Epinephelus striatus

NASSAU GROUPER

 

Serranus tigrinus

HARLEQUIN BASS

 


Family Percichthyidae

Temperate Sea Basses

CALIFORNIA

Stereolepis gigas

BLACK or GIANT SEA BASS

 



Family Centropomidae

Temperate Sea Basses

WESTERN ATLANTIC

Centropomus undecimalis

COMMON SNOOK