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Updated 12/31/2013

Family Tetraodontidae

Puffers

Puffers have loose skin lacking scales and pelvic fins and knife-edged jaws composed of left and right plates above and below.  They feed upon a variety of invertebrates and inflate themselves with water to become more difficult for predators to swallow or wedge themselves into a crevice.  Spines are reduced to tiny prickles but all parts of the fish contain deadly tetrodotoxin.  Primary locomotion is produced by sculling the dorsal, anal, and pectoral fins, reserving the tail for sudden bursts.  Porcupinefishes have stout spines or burrs and each jaw consists of a single cutting edge.

Mouth showing four teeth 

 

HAWAII

Arothron hispidus

STRIPEBELLY PUFFER

 

Arothron meleagris

 SPOTTED PUFFER

 

 

Canthigaster amboinensis

AMBON TOBY or PUFFER

 

Canthigaster jactator   

HAWAIIAN WHITE SPOTTED TOBY or PUFFER

 

Canthigaster epilampra

LANTERN TOBY or PUFFER

 

Canthigaster rivulata

MAZE TOBY or PUFFER

 

Canthigaster coronata

CROWN TOBY or PUFFER

 

Torquigener florealis

FLORAL PUFFER

 

Torquigener randalli   

RANDALL'S PUFFER

 


INDO-PACIFIC

Arothron nigropunctatus

BLACKSPOTTED PUFFER

 

Arothron mappa

MAP PUFFER

 

Canthigaster valentini

MODEL TOBY or PUFFER

 


JAPAN

Takifugu poecilonotus

Komonfugu

 

Takifugu niphobles

GRASS PUFFER   Kusafugu


TROPICAL EASTERN PACIFIC

Canthigaster punctatissima

SPOTTED TOBY or PUFFER

 

Sphoeroides lobatus

LOBESKIN PUFFER

 


TROPICAL WESTERN ATLANTIC

Canthigaster rostrata

SHARPNOSE PUFFER