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Family Diodontidae

Porcupinefishes

Porcupinefishes or Burrfishes are large puffers with stout spines that have roots embedded under the skin.  Upper & lower jaws consist of solid bone forming a continuous semicircular cutting edge capable of removing one's finger.  They have large eyes and feed nocturnally on hard-shelled invertebrates.  Porcupinefishes swallow water to inflate themselves when attacked making it nearly impossible for large predators to swallow.  Sharks or jacks have been seen with inflated porcupinefish lodged in their throat.  Below are photos of decomposed skin collected by an elementary school student in Thailand.

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HAWAII

Chilomycterus reticulatus

SPOTTED BURRFISH

 

Diodon hystrix

 SPOTTED PORCUPINEFISH

Diodon holocanthus

SPINY PORCUPINEFISH