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Family Monacanthidae

Filefishes and Leatherjackets

Filefishes are similar to Triggerfishes at first glance but have a long dorsal spine located directly above the eyes and leathery skin covered by small granules or bristles.  They have sharp incisiform teeth and eat a variety of invertebrates.  They swim by rapidly undulating the soft dorsal and anal fins, reserving the tail for short bursts of speed.

 

HAWAII

Aluterus scriptus

SCRAWLED FILEFISH

 

Aluterus monoceros

UNICORN FILEFISH

 

Cantherhines dumerilii

BARRED FILEFISH

 

Cantherhines sandwichiensis

SQUARETAIL FILEFISH

 

Cantherhines verecundus 

SHY FILEFISH

 

Pervagor spilosoma endemic.gif (1686 bytes)

FANTAIL FILEFISH

 

Pervagor aspricaudus

YELLOWTAIL FILEFISH

 


INDO-PACIFIC

Oxymonacanthus longirostris

LONGNOSE FILEFISH

 


JAPAN

Stephanolepis cirrhifer

THREAD-SAIL FILEFISH    Kawahagi

 

Rudarius ercodes

WHITESPOTTED PYGMY FILEFISH   Amimehagi