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Family Faviidae

This is a large family with several genera; positive identification of many species is impossible without skeletal examination.  Faviids are encrusting or massive with large circular or hexagonal calices and strong septal walls, others are brain-like with indistinct calices within sinuous valleys.  Most are tolerant of wave action and occur on shallow reefs.

All coral skeletons illustrated are from scientific collections taken prior to 1998.

 

HAWAII

Cyphastrea ocellina

OCELLATED CORAL

 

Cyphastrea agassizi

AGASSIZ'S CORAL

 

Leptastrea transversa

TRANSVERSE CORAL

 

Leptastrea purpurea

CRUST CORAL

 

Leptastrea bewickensis

BEWICK CORAL

 

Leptastrea pruinosa

SPOTTED CORAL

 


INDO-PACIFIC

Leptoria phrygia

PACIFIC BRAIN CORAL

 

Diploastrea heliopora

DIPLOASTREA


WESTERN ATLANTIC

Montastraea faveolata

MOUNTAINOUS STAR CORAL

 

Montastraea cavernosa

GREAT STAR CORAL

 

Solenastrea bournoni

 

SMOOTH STAR CORAL

 

Colpophyllia natans

BOULDER BRAIN CORAL

 

Diploria labyrinthiformis

GROOVED BRAIN CORAL

 

Diploria strigosa

SYMMETRICAL BRAIN CORAL

Diploria clivosa

KNOBBY BRAIN CORAL