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updated 9/9/2012

Flatfishes

Family Bothidae, Lefteye Flounders

As the name implies, these flatfishes have both eyes on the left side of the head.  Two large species are likely to be seen in shallow water while several others live beyond diving depths.  They feed upon small fishes and crustaceans and avoid predators by altering their color at will to match the surrounding seafloor.

 

HAWAII

Bothus mancus

FLOWERY FLOUNDER

 

Bothus pantherinus

PANTHER FLOUNDER

 

Engyprosopon hawaiiensis

HAWAIIAN DWARF FLOUNDER

 


Family Samaridae, Crested Flounders

These flatfishes have both eyes on the right side of the head.  One rare species occurs at diving depths in Hawai'i.  Formerly included with the Family Pleuronectidae.

 

HAWAII

Samariscus triocellatus

THREESPOT CRESTED FLOUNDER

 


Family Soleidae, Soles

Soles have eyes on the right side of the body and the fins nearly encircle the body.  Some secrete toxic mucus to deter predators.  Soles feed at night when they emerge from sand or holes in the reef.  All three Hawaiian species are endemic.   

 

HAWAII

Aseraggodes holcomi 

HOLCOM'S SOLE

 

Aseraggodes therese 

THERESE'S SOLE

 



TROPICAL WESTERN ATLANTIC

Family Bothidae

Bothus lunatus

PEACOCK FLOUNDER